The underlying assumptions in the controversy about how the new Luso-Africans are to be described hides the weakness of the Portuguese establishment, which calls them "second generation", in dealing with this issue. Those involved - the new Luso-Africans - are going to develop their "generational awareness" against the backdrop of that controversy, as well as by reconstructing or re-inventing the culture of their own roots. In between they will go through further processes of simulated identification and belonging which are specific to the multi-cultural rearrangement of their societies which is taking place, and to the projection into that society of images or symbolic referents relating to cultural backgrounds which have nothing to do either with the PALOP (Portuguese-speaking African countries) or with Portugal. It is therefore in the symbiosis resulting from the interaction of those referents that the new Luso-Africans will be able establish their "generational positioning". We will also analyse the generational awareness of the children of PALOP immigrants residing in Vale da Amoreira, in order to establish whether they are able effectively to become a generation in their own right and thereby redefine the historical legacy of the roots culture within a new polyphonic urban context which has the potential to bridge ethnic divides.
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